Add mustard seeds. As soon as it starts to splutter add curry leaves, cilantro, peanuts, cashew nuts and saute well.
When the cashew nuts and peanuts start browning add onions and saute until translucent.
Add turmeric powder, chili powder and salt and again mix well so that the spices are well blended.
Add barley and mix properly. Cover and cook for few minutes.
Lastly add lemon juice. Mix properly. Simmer, cover and cook for 2 minutes.
Garnish with more cilantro and serve hot.
To cook Barley - take 2 ½ cups of water in a saucepan and bring it to a boil. Add 1 cup barley and cook until almost all the water is absorbed and the barley is soft, tender and chewy. For pilaf recipe drain the left over water.